In November 2021, there was one recorded incident of explosive weapon use in Uganda, which caused a total of 36 civilian casualties. On 16 November, twin suicide bombings by an Islamic State affliate group, the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), were detonated in the capital city, Kampala, killing three civilians and injuring 33 others. Three armed actors, suicide bombers, also died in the attack, and the Islamic State publicly claimed responsibility.
Civilian casualties from explosive weapon use in Uganda have more than tripled from 11 in October 2021 to 36 in November. This can be attributed to a sudden increase in Islamic State attacks targeting civilians in populated areas, concentrated in Kampala. Last month, October 2021, the Islamic State claimed two attacks using explosive weapons that resulted in at least seven civilian casualties.
In October 2021, there were three incidents of explosive weapon use in Uganda that caused 11 civilian casualties. All incidents occured in populated areas and involved the use of IEDs. Two of the attacks were claimed by Islamic State groups, and one was a suicide attack in which one armed-actor was killed. On 23 October 2021, three Islamic State militants detonated an IED at a restaurant in Kampala killing one woman and injuring three others. On 25 October 2021, and Islamic State suicide bomber detonated an explosive vest on a bus near Kampala, killing himself and wounding three civilians. On the same day, in Nakaseke, two children were killed after being given an IED that looked like a piece of fruit.
These are the first incidents of explosive weapon use to be recorded in Uganda in 2021.